The history of dental implants dates back thousands of years.
Ancient Times: Archaeological evidence suggests that early civilizations, such as the ancient Egyptians and Mayans, used shells and stones to replace missing teeth.
19th Century: In the 1800s, various materials like gold, platinum, and porcelain were experimented with for tooth replacements. However, these attempts often failed due to a lack of understanding of osseointegration, the process by which an implant fuses with the jawbone.
20th Century: The breakthrough in dental implant technology came in the 1950s when a Swedish orthopedic surgeon named Dr. Per-Ingvar Brånemark discovered osseointegration while studying bone healing. He placed titanium fixtures into rabbit bone and observed their integration. In the 1960s, he successfully placed the first titanium dental implant in a human patient.
Advancements: Over the following decades, dental implant techniques and materials continued to evolve. Implants became more predictable and successful, and new innovations like implant designs, surface modifications, and digital technologies improved the accuracy and efficiency of the implant placement process.
Today, dental implants are a widely accepted and reliable solution for replacing missing teeth.
Modern Techniques: Present-day dental implant procedures involve careful planning, often aided by computer-guided imaging technology, to ensure precise placement of the implant into the jawbone. The implants are typically made of biocompatible materials, most commonly titanium, which provide excellent stability and integration with the surrounding bone.